European Affairs Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic
(Výbor Národnej rady Slovenskej republiky pre európske záležitosti)
Legal base: The Constitutional Act No. 397/2004 Coll. on the cooperation between the National Council of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Slovak Republic in matters concerning the European Union.
Composition: 15 members (proportionally representing the political parties in the Parliament)
The European Affairs Committee was established on 29 April 2004. According to the Constitutional Act and the draft amendment of the Rules of Procedures, the Committee on European Affairs will be delegated the power to approve the positions of the Slovak Republic concerning proposals for EU legislation. The approved positions shall be binding for the government.
According to the Constitutional Act, government ministers have to submit to the National Council for its approval the positions of the Slovak Republic before they agree upon them in the Council. If the National Council fails to provide its own position on the position proposed by the government within two weeks of its receipt, or if the National Council of the Slovak Republic fails to adopt an approval while at the same time not proposing and adopting any other position on the matter, the minister shall act on the originally proposed position.
The scrutiny reserve system on the level of working groups of the Council is regulated by governmental decree. So far there has not been a motion from the European Affairs Committee to put down a parliamentary scrutiny reserve.
The National Council has authorised the European Affairs Committee to execute the scope of competences pertaining to the matters of the European Union (§58a of the Rules of Procedure). In practice, this committee does not execute only the competences defined by the Constitutional Law no. 397/2004 Coll. (Approvals of binding mandates for Government members), but pursunat to the Rules of Procedure it is also entrusted with additional powers of national parliaments (e.g. compliance assessment of the drafts of EU legislative acts with the principle of subsidiarity, including the approving of reasoned opinions).
Thus, it could be stated that the Slovak model represents the so-called "mixed system of monitoring the EU Affairs within the national parliament".
All new proposal for legislative and non-legislative acts of the EU are referred to the European Affairs Committee which may decide to:
1. Take note of the respective EU proposal. The European Affairs Committee deals further with the EU proposal particularly when it is put on the agenda of the Council of the European Union meeting.
2. Ask a specialised committee (s) for its (their) position toward the proposal for a legislative or non-legislative act of the EU as a whole (noy only regarding the compliance with the principle of subsidiarity). The European Affairs Committee deals further with the respective EU proposal particularly when it is put on the agenda of the Council of the European Union meeting.
3. Adopt a reasoned opinion on the proposal's non-compliance with the principle of subsidiarity on its own initiative or on the initiative of a specialised committee.
4. Approve/Refuse/Change the postions of the Slovak Republic on EU legislative or non-legislative drafts which are to be discussed by the representatives of governments of the Member States in the Council of the EU.